Crate training is an effective way to housebreak or potty train a new puppy or dog. The theory behind its success is that puppies do not like to soil where they are sleeping. So if a puppy is temporarily confined to a limited area, like a dog crate, he will resist the need to urinate until he is released. But of course, there is a bit more to the house training process than just that....
Accepting the Crate: The first step in the process is getting your puppy to accept his new dog crate. This is achieved by making it as comfortable as possible and building a positive association to the crate.
So first, find a place in your home, away from drafts, to set up your Schnauzer's dog crate. Place some thick towels, a blanket or fleece doggy liner (crate pad) and a small pillow inside the crate for your puppy to snuggle up into. Remember, your puppy just left his litter mates where they would snuggle up together to fall asleep. It's also a good idea place an article of your clothing inside the crate, as well (like an old t-shirts or pair of socks). Anything that has your scent on it and definitely something you don’t mind getting soiled.
Now, leave the crate door open and watch your puppy. He will probably examine it only and not enter. So lets toss a dog toy or dog treat inside it to encourage your puppy to enter. When he does go inside the crate, praise him. Don't shut the crate door. Let him come back out and repeat the entire process again several more times. Soon your puppy will become familiar and at ease upon entering the crate. Watch video below:
puppy crate training tip: If after a few attempts your puppy still will not go inside the crate, you will need to place him in there... but do not close the crate door. It is important for your puppy to learn that crate is his own safe haven and not a prison or confinement. So do not close the crate door during the first several entries as your puppy could develop a fear or anxiety toward his crate, viewing it as a bad thing or punishment.
After your puppy enters and exits the crate several times oh his own, it will be time to teach him to accept the crate with the door closed. Once you close the crate door, your puppy will undoubtedly cry. Although the video does not address this, it probably will happen. If it does, just ignore your puppy completely. Say nothing at all. Just sit nearby and watch. When your puppy quits crying, open the crate and praise him. Then spend the next 15 to 20 minutes playing with your new Miniature Schnauzer puppy.
Take a Potty Break: Now before we try to get our puppy
back in the crate, it's time for a potty break. Puppies need to urinate
quite frequently as their bladders are not fully developed. So, take
your puppy to his assigned potty area (outside is best or put him on his pee pads).
Use the command you have chosen for the task (hurry-up; go pee-pee; go potty) and when he relieves himself, praise him.
• crate training tip: Be sure to praise your Miniature Schnauzer often during the crate training process. Schnauzers, in particular, really want to please their owners so praise and other forms of positive reinforcement will work very well while training them.
Continue Training: Now it's time to repeat the process. Spend the next 15 minutes, again with the dog crate door open and try to get your Miniature Schnauzer to enter his new crate on his own. If he still will not go in on his own, place him back in the crate for another 10 minutes or until your puppy quits whining.
Throughout the days ahead, try dropping little pieces of kibble or
treats inside the puppy crate to further encourage your Schnauzer to
enter his crate on his own. The treats will reinforce positive
associations with the crate.
In the beginning, it is best to stay in the room with your puppy while he is being crated. ie. don't crate your Schnauzer and leave home or the room right away. Otherwise, your Schnauzer may associate being crated with you leaving. For example, have your puppy go inside his crate while you wash the dishes or work on bills. Your puppy will begin feeling safe and comfortable in his own little environment. Slowly add leaving the room for about 20 seconds at a time and when you walk back inside, just ignore your puppy.
Puppy training takes time. And in order for you to be successful with
it, there are 3 very important qualities you must possess...
3) and a Sense of humor!
Yes, it takes time to train your puppy, but you will find that your
Miniature Schnauzer wants nothing more than to please you. Your puppy
will learn fairly quickly, that if he does not whine... he gets to play
and if he relieves himself outside... he gets praises, and praise and
play are exactly what he wants!
So about now you're probably thinking... "That's not so bad" but wait... we're not done just yet...
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